Poker Guide for Beginners

Poker is a card game with a rich history that dates back to the early fifteenth century. The Germans called it “Pochen,” a popular bluffing card game that served as the forerunner of modern-day poker.

Today, the game is available in different variations, including Texas Hold ’em, Omaha Hi, and 7-Card Stud. Although there are slight differences in the rules, the objective remains the same. Each player is randomly dealt cards from a deck, either face up or face down, depending on the type of poker. The player with the most superior hand, or who makes other players believe he does, wins the game.

Poker is a straightforward game that is easy to play but tricky to master. It is based on luck, skills, and psychology, making it very competitive. Indeed, if you are a newbie, this beginner’s guide is a must-read.

A dealer shuffling cards under the spotlight.

Understanding Poker Betting Actions

Understanding the various actions to take in a game of poker is crucial. After being dealt your cards, you must decide whether to “Bet,” “Call,” Check,” or Fold.” This is why Poker is considered a skillful game. That’s because your decision will be based on your knowledge of the game and the strategy you plan to use. So, before you commit to a game of Poker, here are some everyday actions you must understand.


This is basically the first thing to do when playing Poker. But only one player can place the first bet. Usually, it depends on the seating arrangement. For instance, the player to the immediate left of the dealer gets that privilege. Once the bet is made, others can decide to fold, check, call, or raise their bets as they see fit.

Also, the betting structure of the casino determines the bet amount to be placed. It could be fixed-limit, spread-limit, pot-limit, or no-limit. Whichever the case, starting with a good amount, especially during the pre-flop stage, is also an excellent bluffing strategy.


Checking is when a player decides to stay in the game without betting more chips for that particular round. It is considered a low-risk action in which a player passes the betting round without playing any cards. To check raise in poker is a widespread practice. This is when a player first checks, but when another player bets, the first player then raises their bet. This play must be used with caution, and there are rules governing it. That’s because many consider it a deceptive move used by players to increase the overall pot size and pressure their opponents.

Ensure that you learn the basis of how to check-raise. Understand when it should be done and what to do when an opponent uses it against you. A simple tap on the poker table indicates the check move. Nevertheless, it is not acceptable if you are the first player who is supposed to place the bet that begins the round.


To “Call” in a poker game is simply to match the current bet. As such, the player remains in the game, pending further actions from the others. If none of the players decides to “Call,” the round comes to an end, and the player who placed the “Bet” wins the hand. If otherwise, the game continues, and if one or more players “Call” or “Raise,” the winning hand will be determined after each player reveals their hole cards.


Just as the name implies, “Raise” refers to a player’s decision to exceed the amount of the previous “Bet” for the round. Usually, players go for this move when they have a very strong hand or decide to use it as a bluff move to mount pressure on their opponents to “Fold.”

Once a player decides to “Raise,” others can either opt for a “Re-Raise,” “Fold,” or “Call.” A player can choose to match the current bet and make a “Call,” after which the best hand wins. If anyone opts for a “Re-Raise,” it simply means placing a higher bet than the current one. This can go on, especially if there are no pre-set limits. In cases where there are pot-limits, the “Raise” cannot exceed the pot size.


To “Fold” your hand in a game of poker is to end your participation in that round. This is not the same as “Checking,” where a player only passes the betting round but is still in the game. Instead, the player decides not to make a “Call” by not contributing to the pot. This happens mostly for players with a weak hand.

As a rule of thumb, the player must wait for his turn before deciding to “Fold.” The action is depicted by simply tossing the hole cards face down to the dealer, who places them in a muck pile.

General Tips for Beginners

Poker is simple to play, but for you to succeed, you need to create and master different strategies. There is no right or wrong way to go about it. You just have to figure out the best Poker training that works for you. Below are a few general tips to help you get started:

–        Take advantage of your position at the table. Different positions hold different advantages, such as big blind, button, cutoff, and small blind. Button (BTN) is the best position, followed by cutoff (CO). These positions allow you to witness the actions of other players, increasing your chances of making a better decision.

–        Understand and memorize the card rankings. Your decision to call, fold, raise, or check depends on whether you think you have a strong hand. Only players who understand the hand rankings can make good decisions.

–        Don’t be a perpetual bluffer. It is better to find a balance and study your opponents to know when it is best to bluff. You don’t want to do it too often, as this might create a wrong impression.

–        Practice regularly to gain more experience. While there are lots of strategies for poker, there is no better one than that comes from practice and individual experience.

  • Comfort
  • Tournament Structures
  • Personnel

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